Department Coursework and Research Overview
To maintain the strength and reputation of our graduates, we have a rigorous set of courses that are designed to hone the student's skills in aspects of pharmacokinetics and biopharmaceutics, physical/organic chemistry, chemical kinetics and equilibrium phenomena, which we consider essential in understanding problems of any origin, including biological processes, on a molecular level. In addition to the didactic component of our training, we view research progress and the nature of the master's thesis project to be of high importance.
It is an expectation that entering students have competence in mathematics that is typically obtained in the physical and biological sciences at the B.S. level, plus a sound background in physical and organic chemistry.
The department requires five core courses, for a total of 14 credit hours, that each student must take and receive a grade of B or better.
- PHCH 744 Organic Chemistry (3). A consideration of the structural features and driving forces that control the course of chemical reactions. Topics will include functional group chemistry: electronic structure (from Lewis structures to LCAO molecular orbitals), acid/base properties (Bronsted to Lewis concepts): molecular structure and properties (dipole, strain, and steric effects, inductive and resonance effects); dynamics of reactions (the major organic reaction mechanism, kinetics, energy profiles, isotope effects, linear free energy relationships), solvent effects, stereochemistry and conformation, an introduction to orbital symmetry control; basic thermodynamic and kinetic concepts; and an overview of important classes of mechanisms.
- PHCH 863 Pharmaceutical Equilibria (3). A course on equilibria in aqueous and non-aqueous systems with emphasis on solutions of interest to pharmaceutical technology. Included are association-dissociation equilibria, complexation, protein binding, calculation of species concentrations, estimation of solubility and ionization constants. Methods for the determination of chemical potential in solution are presented.3)
- PHCH 921 Chemical Kinetics (2). This course provides the principles of kinetic data analysis as applied to problems in pharmaceutical chemistry. Topics include the setup and solution of rate equations related to chemical reactions, simplifications and approximations in complex equation systems, reaction theory, isotope, solvent and salt effects.
- PHCH 973 Mechanisms of Drug Deterioration and Stabilization (3). A course dealing with the kinetics and mechanisms of drug deterioration and stabilization with emphasis on solutions.
- PHCH 731 Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics (3). This course will introduce the basic concepts of drug absorption, distribution and elimination processes. Emphasis will be placed on clearance concepts, pharmacokinetic models appropriate to vascular and extra-vascular drug dosing, aspects of multiple dosage regimens, hepatic and renal clearance, bioavailability and bioequivalence, and adjustment of dosage regimens in clinical environments.
In addition to the 14 hours of required core courses, student must complete two elective courses from the following list to achieve a total of 19-21 hours of didactic coursework.
- PHCH 716 Drug Delivery (3). The course will survey the latest technology for delivering pharmaceuticals and biologicals to reduce side effects and enhance drug efficacy. The course will survey the latest research in this area and examine more classical delivery methods. A qualitative and quantitative understanding of drug delivery in practice and theory is the goal.
- PHCH 726 Molecular Cell Biology (3). Fundamental and advanced concepts in cell biology and the molecular interactions responsible for cell function, homeostasis and disease will be presented. Current analytical methods for examining cells and their molecular components will be discussed. Emphasis will be placed on the chemical and physical properties of individual proteins, nucleic acids and lipids and their assembly into cellular and subcellular structures.
- PHCH 871 Advanced Pharmaceutical Biotechnology (3). A course designed to emphasize the important facets of recombinant proteins as pharmaceutical agents. Basics of protein structure and analysis will be introduced, and methods for production, isolation, and purification of recombinant proteins will be described. Potential chemical and physical degradation processes and strategies for circumventing these difficulties will be discussed.
- PHCH 865 Pharmaceutical Analysis (4). This course is also intended to be a comprehensive treatment of contemporary techniques used to validate analytical methods for the determination of drugs in the bulk form, pharmaceutical formulations, biological samples and other relevant media. The emphasis will be on chromatographic techniques reflecting the preeminent position that those techniques occupy in the field of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. Further aspects include discussion of detection technologies, statistical aspects of assay validation, and non-chromatographic methods of analysis that are commonly utilized in bioanalytical applications.
Course Sequencing and Availability
It is generally suggested that PHCH 744 (Organic Chemistry) and/or PHCH 731 (Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics) be taken as the first course if entering the program in a Fall Semester. It is strongly recommended that the student successfully complete the Organic Chemistry course prior to undertaking PHCH 921 (Chemical Kinetics) and PHCH 973 (Stability), which are offered in the spring semester of each year. All "core" courses will be offered each fall and spring and all electives will be offered on an alternating year basis.
During the first year of enrollment, students should identify a research project, a supervisor at the industrial site (or collaborating institution) who will provide day to day direction of the research project, and a mentor at the University of Kansas (typically with the assistance of the Director of Distance Learning) who will provide overall supervision of the project and monitor the research progress towards a written thesis. Typically the research will be conducted at the student's place of employment or higher learning. The research component of the program is a primary focus of the degree and research activity is expected as soon as a student starts the program. The student and his/her on-site supervisor must obtain written permission from the company management indicating that the thesis research project can be published without delay. A proto-type agreement form is available from the KU Pharmaceutical Chemistry Distance Master's Program upon request.
Master's Research Proposal Development
Each Masters degree student is required to take 9-11 credit hours of Masters Thesis (PHCH 898). When first entering the program, the Director of the Distance Master's Studies will serve as the initial KU academic advisor for all students. During the first semester of the program, or at the first opportunity when considered in conjunction with company or collaborating institution policy (see degree completion time limit section), the student should enroll in 1 credit hour of Master's Thesis. This initial enrollment should be utilized to develop a written research proposal, which meets the approval of their company or institutional advisor and/or any other checkpoints, i.e., a legal department (Upon request, a guidance document providing an overview of proposal preparation is available). The approved proposal should then be forwarded to the Director of Distance Master's Program at the University of Kansas, for review and assignment to a member of the Pharmaceutical Chemistry faculty member (who may approve, reject or require revision of the proposal) who is appropriate to supervise the proposed research. This process must be completed to earn credit for the initial Masters Thesis hours.
Master's Research Load and Reporting
To expedite progress through the program, students should register for research credits (PHCH 898) as feasible once their research proposal has received approval (when considered in conjunction with didactic coursework load and sponsor limitations). For the most ambitious student, without constraints, it is suggested to enroll for up to two (2) credit hours of Masters Thesis per semester, including the summer session. A written progress report is required for each semester that the student undertakes Master Thesis credits. The assignment of a grade in these hours is contingent upon receipt of a report by the KU advisor at the end of each term of enrollment. Enrollment in Master's Thesis must continue until a total of 9-12 credit hours are earned, such that when taken together with didactic coursework, totals 30 hours of graduate coursework. Please note the KU graduate school program time constraints policy below.
Master's Degree Defense
Each master's degree student is required to submit and defend a thesis resulting from research of sufficient originality and quality for publication in peer reviewed scientific journals. The research is conducted under the supervision and guidance from the student’s advisor, with input from the thesis committee as needed.
Upon falling below a cumulative graduate grade-point average of B, computed with the inclusion of grades earned at KU for all courses acceptable for graduate credit, the student is placed on probation by the Graduate Division of the school or college. The grades of P, S, U, and I, for which no numerical equivalents are defined, are excluded from the computation. If the student’s overall graduate average has been raised to B by the end of the next semester of enrollment after being placed on probation, the student may be returned to regular status. If not, the student is not permitted to re-enroll unless the Graduate Division acts favorably on a departmental recommendation for the student to continue study. If admitted on probation, a student must earn an overall graduate average of at least B during the first semester of enrollment (in which case the student is considered to have achieved regular status) to be permitted to re-enroll. A student admitted on probation who fails to earn a B average in the first semester is not permitted to re-enroll. When the particular circumstances are deemed to justify continuation, and upon the recommendation of the department or program, such a student may be continued on probation by the Graduate Division for one additional semester equivalent of full-time graduate study.
Program Time Constraints
Masters degree students are allowed seven years for completion of all degree requirements. In cases in which compelling reasons or circumstances recommend a one-year extension, the Graduate Division, on recommendation of the department/committee, has authority to grant the extension. In cases where more than eight years are requested, the appropriate appeals body of the school or division considers petitions for further extensions and, where evidence of continuous progress, currency of knowledge, and other reasons are compelling, may grant them. Some departments may have more stringent rulings about time restrictions. Students should ask about the policy in effect in the department in which they plan to study.